The Kashmir woolen industry was build in around 15th century by ruler Zayn-ul-Abidin after he brought Persian weavers there. Even the word Pashmina came from the Persian word Pashm that means fleece of Changthangi Goat.
The artisans who have generations worth of knowledge and skills convert the warm and delicate hand spun threads of pashmina into beautiful winter accessories.
Although most of the time, we use the words Cashmere and Pashmina in a synonymous sense, there is a subtle difference between these two. Unlike other wools that is collected from sheep, Cashmere is made of the hair of Himalayan goats but Pashmina is exclusively made from a specific breed of mountain goat called Changthangi goat, native to the high plateaux of Ladakh, India which makes the Pashmina rare and revered all across the globe.
Another difference, of these two materials, is the diameter of the fabric. Pashmina fiber is finer that is 10-15 microns and the basic Cashmere fabric has 15-19 microns diameter. Due to the thin texture of the Pashmina, it is necessary to hand-spun the wool and manually weave them to make beautiful shawls, scarves, throws etc. On the other hand, Cashmere is easier to spin on machines.
All Pashminas are Cashmeres but not all Cashmeres are Pashminas.
Both Cashmere and Pashmina are considered to be one of the finest and luxurious available wool fabrics in the world and therefore it has fascinated kings, royals, and people all over the world by its magical and traditional grace.